La prima traccia della seconda prova 2016 di inglese per il Liceo Linguistico riguardava l'attualità. Ecco le risposte alle prime 5 domande della comprensione del testo:
1) Macarrón was surprised by the decline in numbers of the Spanish population. By calculating the numbers, he discovered that in many Spanish provinces for every baby born more than two people die. The ratio is moving closer to one to three.
2)Two facts of Spain’s current demographic situation are: 1. Spain has one of the lowest fertility rates in the EU with an average of 1.27 children born for every woman of childbearing age, compared to the EU average of 1.55. 2. Nearly half of Spain’s abandoned villages are in Galicia, where demographic shrinkage has caused 1,500 settlements to become abandoned.
3)The paradox the article highlights is that while Europe is facing a demographic crisis, police and security forces battle to keep out young migrants and asylum seekers that could help alleviate the situation.
4)Europe needs more young people to run its health services, populate its rural areas and look after its elderly in order to become self-sustaining again.
5)Macarrón and his friends have started a non-profit organisation called “Demographic Renessaince”. It aims to raise awareness of the current demographic crisis.