Admission test for the degree course in Medicine and Surgery 2013-2014

Test ministeriale in lingua inglese per l’ammissione alla facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia 2013-2014

Domanda 1 di 60

Ever since Uranus was discovered, astronomers have thought there might be more planets in the Solar System. Because of small deviations in the orbits of Uranus and Neptune - deviations which would occur if another planet existed - some astronomers think there must be an undiscovered planet - Planet X. But these deviations cannot tell us whether Planet X exists, because they would occur if the orbits had been wrongly predicted. Since Uranus and Neptune take many decades to circle the sun, astronomers rely on old data to calculate their orbits. As this is likely to be inaccurate, the calculated orbits are probably wrong, and so Uranus and Neptune will deviate from them even if there is no Planet X. Which one of the following best expresses the main conclusion of the above argument?